Living Soil
Soil Pioneers
Trace Elements
Sea Minerals
Rock Powders
Micro-organisms
Terra Preta
Biochar
Trace Elements
Missing Links
Fire in the Water
Cobalt
Molybdenum
Earthworms
are the intestine
of the soil.
    —Aristotle
Remineralize
the future of food

Seer Centre report
rock powder
soil amendments
Living Soil
Trace Elements
get the Most from the Least

For maximum vitality, it's important to supply soil with ALL the nutrients that are essential for plant and animal growth. Not merely the organic elements and major elements—Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, and Calcium (N-P-K and Ca)—but all the elements, especially the trace elements.

There are at least a dozen other elements, beyond the major seven, that science now knows are needed for healthy plants. Many more—such as Molybdenum—are needed by specialized soil microbes, which fulfill special functions to create soil and fertility, such as synthesizing certain enzymes, vitamins, antibiotics, or other critical biolmolecules. Most are required in extremely tiny amounts—micrograms or less—and thus are called "trace elements."
Additional
Trace Elements
Antimonyeffective against blood flukes
Bismuthefficient Ca & Mg use, bone metabolism, endocrine function, reduces bone calcium loss
Cesiumcancer aid, produces alkaline condition
Europiumdoubles life span of lab animals
Germaniumoxygen utilization, enhance immune function, electric impulse initiator
Lanthanumdeficiency in chronic fatigue diseases
LithiumADD, depression, infertility, manic depression, rages, fits, reduced growth, reproductive failure
Neodymiumdoubles life span of lab animals, enhanced cell growth
Praseodymiumdoubles life span of lab animals, enhanced cell growth
Samariumdoubles life span of lab animals, enhanced cell proliferation, cancer, hearing loss, male pattern baldness
Silveranti-bacteria, anti-fungal, anti-viral, systemic disinfectant, immune support, subdues inflammation, promote healing
Strontiumamino acids, hemoglobin, insulin, adrenal hormone, enzymes, antibodies, connective degeneration, lupus, collagen diseases, sickle cell anemia
Thuliumdoubles life of lab animals, enhanced cell growth
Yttriumdoubles life of lab animals, enhanced cell growth

Most trace elements dissolve into water faster than the major elements. So, in an average soil, trace elements leach out of soils faster than major elements. This removal of trace elements is accelerated by acid rain, soluble chemical fertilizers and excessive tillage. The consequence is that all soils eventually and easily become deficient in minor or trace elements. Continued doses with N-P-K and lime fertilizers will not resolve these deficiencies, and, in fact, will make them worse.

Trace elements play a key role in the function of many enzymes and hormones. One consequence of this is that a very tiny amount trace element has an exceedingly great effect on the healthy function of plants and animals. For example, it is well-known that insuffient iodine will induce goiter, a disease of the thyroid gland. And a deficiency of cobalt will leave us without vitamin B12, and thus unable to manufacture red blood cells. Neither is needed in more than a microgram per day—an amount which will easily fit on the head of a pin.

However, there are many mineral elements which are essential to Nature's most delicate and intelligent chemical operations, such as hormones, neurotransmitters and genetics. Elements in the bottom three rows of the Periodic Table of Elements are also critical to biology, but they are only present—not at parts per million like trace elements—or even parts per billion—but parts per trillion—one million millionth—the current threshold of laboratory detection. These heaviest, most complex of all elements are used in such miniscule tiny amounts, I call them "nano-elements" and "pico-elements."

To supply soil with a balanced, complete sources of these essential elements, three simple principles apply.

Principle of Proportion

Plants and animals require elements in specific proportions, not simply in specific quantities. Mineral nutrients must be supplied a certain ratios.

This principle was discovered by nearly every scientist who studied the complex roles of minerals and trace elements. Dr. Maynard Murray gave a clear depiction of this: sodium chloride will poison most plants, yet dilute seawater stimulates their growth.

The Principle of Proportion means that the least exert the greatest effect. A tiny amount of a trace element can be more crucial to proper growth and health as a large amount of the major elements. Thus, the least is often the greatest. Fertilizing with N-P-K fertilizers eventually results in soils deficient in trace elements.

Feed the Soil,
Not the Plant

Another principle is that microbes consume and digest minerals, and thus convert them to forms more easily absorbed and used by plants.

Conventional agriculture shortcuts this microbial feeding chain by using synthetic chemicals to supply nutrients as soluble salts that are directly absorbed by plant roots.

But we now know many bacteria and fungi actually pump nutrients into roots ten times or more faster than soluble salts are absorbed. The soil's tiniest critters don't do this for free. In return, microbes receive sugars and other carbon compounds secreted by plant roots. As much as 30% of a plants sweet sap is secreted by its roots to feed a symbiotic microbial population.

Micro-Nutrient into Micro-organism

A third principle addresses the specialized behavior of the microbes that transform primary minerals into forms used by plants. The world of micro-organisms is highly specialized, with each microbe adapted to ccomplish a very individual, almost unique type of synthesis. These highly specialized bacteria require an equally specialized diet with adequate supplies of micro-nutrients. While the trace elements are present in very tiny amounts in soil and flesh, their use to construct key biomolecules that act as regulators of overall cell metabolism and physiological function.

Conventional agriculture shortcuts this microbial feeding chain by using synthetic chemicals to supply nutrients as soluble salts that are directly absorbed

Indonesian farmer
Muhammad Yacob

harvests his record rice crop
after the Tsunami
Elements
in the Human Body
element symbol
%
atoms
%
weight
ORGANIC
Hydrogen
Oxygen
Carbon
Nitrogen
H
O
C
N
62.0
26.0
10.0
1.5
9.7
65.0
18.6
3.2
MAJOR
Calcium
Phosphorus
Potassium
Sodium
Sulfur
Chlorine
Magnesium
Ca
P
K
Na
S
Cl
Mg
.2
.2
.06
.06
.05
.04
.03
1.8
1.0
.4
.2
.04
.2
.06
TRACE
Iron
Iodine
Silicon
Flourine
Copper
Manganese
Zinc
Selenium
Cobalt
Molybdenum
Chromium
Tin
Boron
Nickel
Vanadium
Fe
I
Si
F
Cu
Mn
Zn
Se
Co
Mo
Cr
Sn
B
Ni
Va
.007
.0005
.0000003
[na]
[na]
[na]
[na]
[na]
[na]
[na]
[na]
[na]
[na]
[na]
[na]
.0002
[na]
[na]
[na]
[na]
[na]
[na]
[na]
[na]
[na]
[na]
[na]
[na]
[na]
[na]
now available
Dr. Maynard Murray's
Sea Solids
SEA-90
Recycle the Sea

"My research clearly indicates Americans generally lack a complete physiological chemistry because the balanced, essential elements of the soil have eroded to the sea. Consequently, crops are nutritionally poor, and animals eating these plants are, therefore, nutritionally poor.

From the start, my sea solids experiments produced excellent results, and have conclusively proven that the proportions of trace minerals and elements in sea water are optimum for growth and health of both land and sea life."

We must alter the way we grow food, the way we protect plants from pests and disease, and the way we process food.

Dr. Maynard Murray
Medical Research Doctor
Sea Energy Agriculture

workshop for farmers & our future
Soil Fertility, Biofuels,
& Carbon Sequestration
local agriculture & global climate
renewing our regional farm economies
Molybdenum
Missing Element
in the Climate Change Equation
September 2005
how one trace element in soil essential to a single enzyme in a bacteria, can accelerate removing carbon from Earth's atmosphere to slow—perhaps reverse—climate change


The Earth Renewal and Restoration Alliance — www.ancientforests.uswww.carbon-negative.uswww.nutrient-dense.info2/14/2009